METODE IJTIHAD DALAM KONSTRUKSI HUKUM TAHKIM INDONESIA

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Nurul Khikmah Karimatul Khasanah

Abstract

Tahkim or arbitration is a form of resolving disputes out of court. Peace efforts such
as in tahkim or arbitration aimed at reconciling the warring parties have existed and
have long been practiced in the customs and culture of the Indonesian nation. Along
with the increasing need for an arbitration peace model to resolve conflicts amid the
rapid development of sharia business in Indonesia today, formulating a sharia tahkim
model that accommodates local values needs to be considered. rules of fiqh clearly
state that al-hukmuyadurruma’aillatihi wujudan waadaman, that the law is enforced
according to ilat whether it exists or does not exist, as well as the taghayyural-ahkam
bitaghayural amkinat waal-azman rule that the law changes according to changes in
place and time. The type of this research is juridical philosophical with maslahah
approach. The data sources used are secondary and consist of three legal materials:
primary, secondary, and tertiary. The type of this research is juridical philosophical
with maslahah approach. The data sources used are secondary data sources consisting
of three legal materials, namely primary, secondary and tertiary. The analysis was
carried out using a descriptive inductive technique. The results of this study are that
several ijtihad methods such as istihsan, maslahah mursalah, and especially the
technique of establishing law with 'urf can be used to realize Indonesian Tahkim fiqh.
The selection of these three methods, especially the 'urf which is based on benefit and
istihsan is very suitable for conditions in Indonesia, considering that a culture of peace
rooted in adat is still very strong.

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