KONSEP Al-ḤUBB AL-ILĀHĪ; STUDI ANALISIS TERHADAP PEMIKIRAN IBN ‘ARABĪ DALAM KITAB AL-FUTŪḤĀ AL-MAKKIYYAH

Main Article Content

Nihayatul Husna

Abstract

Abtract : This study focuses on analyzing the term of ḥubb in the Al-Futūḥāt Al-Makkiyyah. This is crucial term because in the perspective of Ibn ‘Arabī, ḥubb is an maqām ilāhi which is not limited material things. According to him, love of God (al-ḥubb al-ilāhī) requires two foundations of love, namely; natural love (al-ḥubb aṭ-ṭabī’ī) and spiritual love (al-ḥubb ar-rūḥānī). The purpose of this study was to find the meaning of al-ḥubb al-ilāhi in the perspective of Ibn ‘Arabī. The research method employs library research by constructing al-Futūḥāt al-Makkiyyah by Ibn ‘Arabī as the object of study. Starting with tracing all the term ḥubb in the Al-Futūḥāt Al-Makkiyyah as seminal concept, conducting language studies, mapping out the interpretations, and reviewing the result of studies, then formulating concept related to the issues being raised. This study reveal four important points of the concept of al-ḥubb al-ilāhi from the perspective of Ibn ‘Arabī, namely ḥubb as the cause of the existence of the universe, māqāmat ḥubb, three forms of  ḥubb, conditions of al-ḥubb al-ilāhi. These four points in addition to describing the concept of al-ḥubb al-ilāhi Ibn ‘Arabī also provide a new understanding of the meaning of the word ḥubb which has undergone a change in conceptual meaning. When mentioning the word ḥubb, what appears is an understanding that refers to the form of obedience to Allah and His Messenger.


 

Article Details

Section
Articles

References

Abū Zayd, N.H. (2002) Hakażā Takallama Ibn ‘Arabī. Kairo: al-Haiah al‘Āmāh al-Miṣriyah al-Kitāb.
Addas, C. (2004). Mencari Belerang Merah: Kisah Hidup Ibn ‘Arabī. Jakarta: Serambi.
Afīfī, A.E. (1995). Filsafat Mistis Ibnu ‘Arabi. Jakarta: Gaya Media Pratama.
Aḥmad, A.F.M.S. (2005). Tasawuf antara al-Ghazali dan Ibnu Taimiyah. Jakarta Selatan.
Al-Baghdadi, A. i.-S. (1997). Akhbar Al Hallaj. Damaskus: Dar At-Tali'ah Al Jadidah.
Al-Ghazali. (1998). Ihya Ulumuddin (Vol.5). Beirut: Dar Arqam.
Al-Qanawi, S. (2007). An-Nafahat Al-Ilahiyyah. Bairut: Dar Kutub Al-Ilmiyyah.
Al-Sya'rani, A. M. (1998). Al-Kibrit Al-Ahmar fi Bayan Ulumul Syaikhul Akbar. Beirut: Dar Kutub Al-'Ilmiyyah.
Amin, K. A. (1997). Haqiqat Al Ibadah 'Inda Muhyiddin Ibn Arabi. Kairo: Dar Al Amin.
Arabī, I. (1948). Tafsir Al Qur'an Al Karim. Beirut: Dar Al Yaqdziyah Al Arabiyyah.
Arabī, I. (1911). Tarjuman al Asywaq. Ankara: Osmania University Library.
Arabī, I. (2004). Al Futuhat Al Makkiyah (Vol.9.). Bairut: Dar Sadar.
Arabī, I. (tt). At-Tanazulat Al Mawsiliyah. Bairut: Dar al Fikr.
Bahjat, A. (1984). Biḥār al-Ḥubb ‘inda aṣ-Ṣufiyah, Bairut: Muasasah al-Ma’ārif.
Chittick, W. C. (2001) The Sufi of Knowledge: Pengetahuan Spiritual Ibn ‘Arabī, terj. Aḥmad Niẓam, Yogyakarta; Qalam.
Corbin, H. (1998). Alone with The Alone: Creative Imagination in the Sufism of Ibn Arabi. United Kingdom: Princeton University Press.
Fayyadl, M. A. (2012). T. N. Ketuhanan. Yogyakarta: Lkis.
Ghurab, M. M. (1992). Al-Hubb wa Al-Mahabbah Ilahiyyah min Kalam Syaikh Akbar Muhyiddin Ibn 'Arabi. Damaskus: Katib Al 'Arabi.
Hanbali, I. R. (2006). Syarah Hadis Jibril. Kairo: Dar Al Qasim.
Ḥilmī, M. M. (1995). Ibn Fāriḍ wa al-Ḥubb al-Ilāhī. Kairo: Dār Ma’ārif.
Kasani, A. R. (1992). Mu'jam Al-Istilahat As-Sufiyah. Kairo: Dar Al Manar.
Moleong, J.L. (2002). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.
Nasr, S. H. (2010). The Garden of Truth: Mengeruk Sari Tasawuf. Bandung: Mizan.
Noer, K. A. (1995). Ibn 'Arabi: Wahdat Al-Wujud dalam Perdebatan. Jakarta: Paramadina.
Sells, M. A. (2004). Terbakar Cinta Tuhan; Kajian Eksklusif Spiritualitas Islam Awal. Bandung: Mizan.
Zaqzuq, M. H. (2001). Al Mausu'ah Al Islamiyyah Al 'Ammah. Kairo: Jumhuriyah Misri Al-'Arabiyyah Al Majlis Al A'la li Syu'un Al Islamiyah.